Scorpion

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What is Scorpion Bite?

Scorpions don’t bite, but scorpions sometimes sting. The last tail segment of Scorpion contains the stinger (also termed a telson) that transmits a toxin to the recipient of a sting. They can deliver enough venom to cause serious or lethal damage to humans.

Contact with scorpions is usually accidental. Scorpion stings are painful, and they can be fatal, particularly to children. Scorpions may sting more than once; the stinger, located at the end of the tail segment is usually not lost or left in the person’s tissue after a sting.

What are Scorpion stings ?

Scorpion stings are a major public health problem in many underdeveloped tropical countries, especially Sahelian Africa, South India, the Middle East, Mexico, and South Latin America. The estimated annual number of scorpion stings is 1.2 million leading to 3250 deaths (0.27%). For every person killed by a poisonous snake, 10 are killed by a poisonous scorpion. In Mexico, 1000 deaths from scorpion stings occur per year

What are the Symptoms associated with a Scorpion sting?

In general, the sting usually causes discomfort that slowly decreases over time. The discomfort, described below, usually ranges from moderate to severe.

A person who has been stung by a scorpion may feel a painful, tingling, burning or numbing sensation at the sting site. The reaction at the sting site may appear mild. However, infrequently, a person experiencing a serious reaction may develop severe symptoms throughout the body. Severe symptoms include widespread numbness, difficulty swallowing, a thick tongue, blurred vision, roving eye movements, seizures, salivation, and difficulty breathing. These symptoms constitute a medical emergency. Death may occur.

What is the first aid and treatment required for Scorpion sting?

Continuously apply ice to the sting area.

If there is no danger to other people, carefully collecting a dead or injured scorpion into a sealed container to show to the physician may be helpful.

Antivenom therapy is available for the many scorpion species. The antivenom has been made by immunizing horses with the venom and then the antivenom (immunoglobulin) is harvested from horse blood. The antivenom may stop all symptoms within about 4 hours after administration. Other researchers are developing antivenom to other species of scorpions. All but the mildest of symptoms require hospital admission for 24 hours of observation, especially for children.